Skin care seems like a recent gratification of crazy and enthusiastic generation, but roots of this concept can be traced back to the time of ancient Egypt. Egyptians were the first to charter their skin care practices, followed by the Chinese, Greeks and Romans.
Some people spend money to hide imperfections by using copious non -identical cosmetics. But, have we ever marvel when and how did this concept of skin care begin? It wouldn’t be wrong to say that the history of skin care and cosmetics is as long as mankind per say.
Indeed! Ancient people did not have skincare wonders that we have now like med spa procedures, bot ox, and countless anti-aging creams and serums.
So, Lets walk through to learn more about the history of skin care.
Egyptians - In ancient times humans had healthy, hydrated skin and looked beautiful . But in places like Egypt, keeping skin moisturized wasn’t always easy. Below are the skin care routine of Egyptians -
To keep skin soft and smooth they used natural ingredients, like: Honey, Beeswax and used clay and olive oil to cleanse their skin.
They used castor, sesame, and moringa oils to fight wrinkles and preserve their youth.
Chinese - The real skin care in China only began from 1760 BC under the Shang Dynasty. People during this time valued a healthy, natural pale look and used face powders and skin lighteners to achieve that.
The first written records of a skin care system in China came during the Qin Dynasty.
A Chinese Empress developed her skin care systems and recorded them in a book. She used natural cleansers made from seaweed and jellyfish and facial massages and exercises to improve the circulation in the cheeks and forehead. She also believed in the link between diet and skin care, and said that eating black beans, sesame seeds and Chinese yam would improve the skin.
Despite the popularity of powders and creams, skin care in China was more about nutrition, health and circulation as they focused on healthy living to maintain a beautiful complexion.
Greeks - Greeks borrowed a lot from Egyptian skin care secrets, but adopted them with their twist to it. They adapted their own methods for distilling the oils and had ample stores of herbs and fruits to add to oils for skin softening mixtures from herbs and other plants. Honey was used as a moisturizer; oils and sand were used to protect skin from the sun damage.
Romans - Romans relied heavily on olive oil both for cleansing and for moisturizing.
Modern Era - The popularity of pale, white skin spread across Europe and the demand for lead-based skin care and makeup increased. The use of toxic powders containing lead, sometimes arsenic, were common among all but the poorest people who couldn’t afford them.
Europe’s most iconic women, Queen Elizabeth I, was popular due to excessive usage of lead-based whitening foundation. During her Era, bathing was out of fashion; men and women rarely washed their faces and body.
To keep their skin looking pale, they choose to add a new layer of powder over the old. As the cosmetic layer became difficult to wash off, people started experimenting with everything from rainwater or donkey's milk to red wine or urine.
It was the Elizabeth Era, doctors challenged use of lead in cosmetics. The American Medical Association published “Three Cases of Lead Palsy from the use of a Cosmetic Called Laird’s Bloom of Youth” and paved the way for the formation of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1906.
Eventually many cosmetic companies such as L'Oreal, Elizabeth Arden, Max Factor, and Maybelline first started developing skin care and cosmetics for women everywhere.
Finally the 1900s, skin care advanced significantly and we saw developments of many products featuring cutting-edge ingredients that aim to improve the look and feel of skin.
Skin care and its maintenance is the range of practices that underpin skin integrity, enhance its appearance and relieve skin conditions. They can include nutrition, avoidance of excessive sun exposure and appropriate use of emollients.
Skin consists of three layers. They are as follows -
1. The inner most layer is the subcutaneous tissue. The tissue in the subcutaneous layer contains fat cells, which insulate the body and after certain age, cells in the subcutaneous layer become smaller also contributing to the sagging and wrinkling
2. The middle layer is the dermis. The dermis contains the connective tissues.
3. The outermost layer of skin is called the epidermis. The justification of the epidermis is to protect the inner skin from environmental contaminants. This outer layer becomes thinner over time due to less collagen causing skin to lose its elasticity which will eventually result into skin to sag and wrinkle.
Importance of Skin Care
Proper skin care is important because our skin is the largest barrier against infection that we have and so keeping our skin healthy and moist helps keep this barrier strong. Moreover our skin sheds itself daily i.e healthier the skin you have today you will be shedding it tomorrow without proper care.
People often feel if we workout daily and maintain healthy diet our skin will glow and be healthy lifelong. But this is not completely true as every individual should give special attention to their skin daily.
Indeed! Your face is the first part of you others see when they meet you, so go forward with your best face forward. When you look good you feel good so having clean and clear skin can help boost your confidence and eventually help you to develop better health habits!
Hence, when it comes to skin care, there is no question that prevention is easier than fixing a problem. Adhering a proper skin care routine like wearing sunscreen, washing your face daily, and using a good moisturizer can prevent skin aging and also invasive treatments down the road.
CTM Technique For Healthy Skin And To Prevent Aging
A healthy skincare regime comprises three primary steps—cleansing, toning, and moisturizing—popularly known as the CTM ritual in the beauty-conscious world.
The most efficient way to clean your face is to use a gentle cleanser adapted to your skin type to get rid of sweat, excess sebum, makeup and dirt accumulated on your face throughout the day without removing essential oils. And its as important as toning as toner alone won’t be able to get rid of all the impurities and it won’t even be able to reach the dead cells.
Tips : Oily Skin: Look for products that contain alpha-hydroxy acids like salicylic acid or glycolic acid, and benzoyl peroxide. Foam-based cleansers work best for people with oily skin. Dry Skin: To fight dryness, look for a cream or lotion-based cleanser infused with ingredients like glycerine and shea butter. Besides wiping off the impurities, these moisturising agents will also help hydrate the skin from deep within. Sensitive Skin: Naturally healing ingredients like argan oil, aloe vera, oatmeal, chamomile, and shea butter work well in the case of sensitive skin. Besides this, it is important to ensure that your cleanser is free from alcohol or fragrances as it can irritate the skin.
After cleansing, toner is the first thing you should put on your skin before exposing it to any other product as only cleansing doesn’t remove all the impurities in our skin. That is why it is followed up with toning. Toning focuses more on dead cells and removes the leftover impurities. So if suppose you cleanse your skin, but don’t tone some impurities will be leftover
Tips : Oily Skin: Toner for oily skin should have salicylic acid as the active ingredient. Dry Skin: Hydrating glycerine and essential oils serve dry skin well. However, it is recommended to be cautious while using essential oils as they can irritate the skin in some cases. A patch test may come in handy here. Combination Skin:Lactic acid-based toners can do wonders for people with combination skin type, giving ample hydration but not causing any greasiness. Mature Skin: For ageing skin, a strong dose of aloe vera, vitamin C contents can help a great deal, as it soothes and moisturises the skin to fight against free radicals and keeps signs of ageing at bay.
Consider moisturiser as your daily dose of hydration. Its role in your skincare regime is to nourish and soften your skin by preventing water loss. Its very important to note that after toning, if you don’t moisturize, your open skin pores tend to lose more moisture leading to dry skin and dry skin ages faster.
Hence, CTM technique is the basic conjunction requirement of maintaining healthy skin.
Tips : Oily Skin: Lightweight, gel-based moisturisers are best-suited for oily skin. It should be non-comedogenic and oil-free. To find your best fit, opt for products that use ceramides, hyaluronic acid, or niacinamide (anti-inflammatory) as the main ingredient. Combination/ Normal Skin: Lotions with hyaluronic acid and ceramides are some of the preferred choices in this category. Dry Skin: To keep dryness at bay, resort to a cream-based moisturiser. A mixture of emollients like ceramides (to repair your skin barrier) and humectants like glycerine and hyaluronic acid (to draw and seal moisture into the skin) is ideal. Mature Skin: For dull, ageing skin, look out for squalane to prevent moisture loss. Vitamins B, E, and A make for great additions in the moisturisers for mature skin. Lightweight and non-comedogenic, Jojoba oil based creams are also much sought after to diminish signs of ageing.
Role of Sunscreen In Skin Care Routine
Why sunscreen is important ? - Nevertheless the sun is beneficial in order for the human body to get its daily dose of vitamin D but skin protection from sun rays are equally important aspect of skin care routine. Besides, daily and consistent use of sunscreen helps prevent the development of fine lines and wrinkles, textural imperfections, and changes in the appearance of pores over time.
What happens if sunscreen is not used ? - Ultraviolet (UVA and UVB) radiation in the sun's rays can cause sunburn in varying degrees, early ageing and increased risk of skin cancer. UV exposure can cause patches of uneven skin tone, dry out the skin, reduce the skin's elasticity and encourage sagging and wrinkle formation. So sunscreen will work wonder from sun's ultraviolet rays.
Tip - Sunscreen should be applied at least 20 minutes to all the areas of the skin exposed to sunlight before exposure, and should be re-applied every four hours.
Recommedation - For oily skin type choose non-comedogenic sunscreens, those with dry skins should choose sunscreens with moisturizers to help keep skin hydrated, and those with sensitive skin should choose unscented, hypoallergenic sunscreen.
1. Protect yourself from the sun
One of the most important ways to take care of your skin is to protect it from the sun as lifetime of sun exposure can cause wrinkles, age spots and other skin problems as well as increase the risk of skin cancer. So use sunscreen, wear protective clothing especially laundry additives for additional layer of ultraviolet protection to cover skin completely
Besides, try to avoid direct exposure from the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., when the sun's rays are strongest.
2. Avoid smoking
Tobacco smoke damages collagen and elastin, the fibers that give skin its elasticity and strength. Also, the nicotine in cigarettes causes your blood vessels to constrict. This reduces the blood flow to your skin. As a result, your skin doesn’t get as much oxygen. It’ll also limit the important nutrients, like vitamin A, that can get to your skin.
Smoking makes your skin look older due to the repetitive facial expressions smokers make when smoking such as pursing lips when inhaling and squinting your eyes to keep out smoke can contribute to wrinkles.
Besides, smoking also narrows down the tiny blood vessels in the outermost layers of skin, which decreases blood flow and makes skin paler. This also depletes the skin of oxygen and nutrients that are predominant to skin health.
So try to avoid smoking as much as possible
3. Treat your skin gently
Limit bath time as hot & long showers and try to circumvent strong soaps & detergents to avoid stripping of oil from the skin. So instead choose mild cleansers. After washing or bathing, gently pat or blot your skin dry with a towel so that some moisture residues on your skin.
Men must shave precisely to protect and lubricate your skin by applying shaving cream, lotion or gel before shaving. Shave in the direction the hair grows, not against it.
4. Eat a healthy diet
A healthy diet can help you look and feel your best as diet rich in fish oil or fish oil supplements and low in unhealthy fats and processed or refined carbohydrates might promote younger looking skin. So eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins.
5. Manage stress
Stress increases inflammation so focus on soothing skin with gentle products that have anti-inflammatory properties and help hydrate, nourish, and calm. Uncontrolled stress can make skin more sensitive and trigger acne breakouts and other skin problems. Get enough sleep, meditate and stay active for healthy state of mind to encourage healthy skin lifelong.
Some helpful stress management techniques include:
deep breathing exercises
6. Get Products With Anti-Aging Ingredients
Retinoids, which are derived from vitamin A, are one of the most studied anti-aging ingredients that have the ability to increase collagen production, which helps plumps up the skin. Besides, it accelerates cellular renewal to exfoliate and reveal healthier, youthful-looking skin.
Retinoids also encourage skin regeneration and can promote the creation of new blood vessels, which may help improve the skin’s overall appearance and texture. But dermatologists recommend starting with a small amount to test your skin’s tolerance to the product, and using it every other day to avoid peeling. . Collagen-based skincare products are also secret weapon to keep skin look young by using collagen-boosting cream or serum or take collagen supplements. However, consult the doctor before taking any supplements.
7. Stay hydrated
Besides vital functions like flushing toxins from your body, aiding with digestion, and regulating your body temperature, water can also keep skin healthy and hydrated from the inside. According to a 2015 study that was conducted on a healthy group of women, it was determined that higher water input can have an effect on the hydration of the skin, and it may positively affect skin physiology.
8. Hydrate your skin
Just like your body needs at least 1.5 litres of water on average every day to function, your skin needs moisture to stay refreshed and healthy. Apply a moisturizer that’s specifically designed for your skin type, especially on areas exposed to the sun.
9. Keep things lukewarm
One of the most common face-washing mistake is using the wrong water temperature. Rinsing your complexion (and hair) with water that's too hot can strip your skin barrier of its natural oils, which can dry out the skin and lead to a compromised barrier. Too-cold water won't get the job done and might leave dirt and makeup on your skin. So when it comes to cleansing, stick to water temperature that is lukewarm.
10. Sleep on your back
According to a 2016 study, your sleeping position may have an effect on the formation of wrinkles. The study found that people who sleep on their side or stomach are prone to mechanical compression forces, which can speed up the formation of wrinkles, and also distort facial skin. One way to prevent this is to try sleeping on your back instead of on your side or stomach.
Tip - Silk pillowcases may also be kinder to your skin than cotton, as they create less friction and help prevent abrasion of the skin.
11. Relax your face
Relaxing facial muscles is mandatory as repeated facial movements like squinting, frowning, or pursing of the lips can speed up the formation of wrinkles. And if you find yourself squinting frequently, it may be a sign that you need to get your eyes checked or that you need a stronger prescription for your glasses or contact lenses.
12. Eat less sugar for younger skin
Our skin contains collagen and elastin, which gives it structure and elasticity, but it produces less collagen and loses elasticity as we age. This results in wrinkles and sagging skin, some of the first signs of an aging body.
According to Mark Birch-Machin, a professor of molecular dermatology at Newcastle University, excess glucose can damage the structure of collagen. “high blood sugar glucose in your body will eventually change the structure of your skin. It becomes a more distressed state and actually increases the amount of damage you have to skin cells.
Hence, to mitigate these effects, limit sugary foods and go for healthy options such as cooked tomatoes, which contain lycopene, an antioxidant thought to protect skin from DNA damage and decrease our risk of heart disease and cancer.
13. Develop a Green Tea Addiction
Green tea is full of antioxidants and drinking a cup of green tea twice a day for six months can actually reverse the sun damage on your skin.
Green tea has high concentrations of Catechin, an antioxidant and also has some anti-inflammatory powers that’s well-known for its anti-aging effect. It protects your skin against UV radiation, thus helping to prevent the growth of moles and age spots.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Does drinking eight glasses of water a day helps to keep the wrinkles away ?
FALSE - There is no scientific proof that drinking extra water can make dry skin supple. To keep your skin hydrated, limit time in hot or chlorinated water and use gentle cleansers instead of soap or products that contain alcohol.
Hence, your daily habits can go a long way in preventing lines.
2. Skin care is less important than cosmetic procedures
FALSE - To protect your skin and maintain anti-aging efforts skin care should always be used either by itself or in combination with cosmetic procedures. To make the most of your investment in cosmetic procedures (and your skin), always use a good skincare line.
3. How do I find out my skin type?
The skin is classified into - normal, oily, dry, combination and sensitive skin. But over a period of time your skin texture and type can change as it is affected by a lot of factors such as lifestyle, hormones and your diet. In simple words if you had sensitive skin during your 20s does not mean that it will same in your 30s.
However the ideal way to understand your skin type might be, to wash it gently and leave it for several hours without using any product to observe your skin.
4. Do I really need to wear sunscreen every day?
You need to apply sunscreen every day to protect your skin from the harmful radiations that can damage your skin. Using sunscreen will also decrease the risk of skin cancer and other skin aging problems such as fine lines, wrinkles, spots and skin discoloration.
5. What causes acne?
A: Acne can be caused by excess sebum oil and clogged pores and some research suggests that hormone levels has vital role to play as a main cause of acne.
Acne is most common in young adults with increasing hormone levels, and about 80 percent of people will have at least one acne outbreak before age 30.
It is less common in older adults, who tend to have steadier hormone levels. And if you have acne, wash gently with a mild cleanser no more than twice a day; and avoid hard scrubbing, exfoliating, and touching the affected areas.
6. What Causes Skin to Age Prematurely?
The sun is the primary cause of skin aging, and bad lifestyle choices can also contribute to premature aging.
7. What's the difference between serum and moisturizer? Is It necessary to Use Both?
We should use both as serums are as being light, absorbent, easy to spread and trap moisture from the air.
Moisturizing cream contains ingredients which has properties of making skin rich and nourishing. On flip side a serum can be used alone on a hot, humid day or as an excellent base before a full makeup session.
A cream can be used alone on a dry day or as a deep treatment at night. However, they are designed to work together.
8. Why do I get acne before periods?
Your period largely alters your body’s estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone production.
Due to these hormonal shifts, your sebaceous glands are stimulated to produce more sebum a natural moisturizer for the skin. However, too much sebum leads to clogged pores, forming a breeding ground for acne.
Hormones can also increase skin inflammation and the production of acne-causing bacteria. Besides, period acne usually occurs along your jawline and around your chin area. You may notice tiny (or large) cysts popping up during your time of the month.
9. Do I need to wear sunscreen when I’m indoors?
Yes. the glass typically used in car, home and office windows is designed to block most UV rays, but it does not offer protection from all UV rays.
So even if you’re indoors, UV can penetrate glass and can deeply penetrate your skin, giving rise to ageing, wrinkling, loss of elasticity, and even skin cancer.
So, even if it seems contradictory, apply sunscreen all day, every day, inside or outside!
10. Can I mix my serum and moisturizer?
We recommend applying your serum first, and letting your skin sock up it for two minutes, before applying moisturizer to lock in the goodness from your serum. We'd urge not mixing as that will dilute the benefits of the serum.
Wrinkles are an inevitable part of aging, but there are steps you can take to slow their progress and prevent new ones from forming.
Lifestyle factors like eating a vitamin-rich diet, drinking plenty of water, protecting your skin from the sun, not smoking, and managing your stress play a key role when it comes to keeping your skin healthy and youthful.
Indeed ! new treatments and less-invasive procedures for smoothing wrinkles, tightening skin, and improving one’s complexion are giving many people younger-looking skin.
Besides, if you have questions or concerns about products that may help prevent wrinkles, be sure to follow up with your doctor or dermatologist.
Don't like reading, watch a quick video instead